burden

burden
1. noun
(lit. or fig.) Last, die

beast of burden — Lasttier, das

become a burden — zur Last werden

be a burden to somebody — für jemanden eine Belastung sein; (less serious) jemandem zur Last fallen

2. transitive verb
belasten; (fig.)

burden somebody/oneself with something — jemanden/sich mit etwas belasten

* * *
['bə:dn] 1. noun
1) (something to be carried: He carried a heavy burden up the hill; The ox is sometimes a beast of burden (= an animal that carries things).) die Last
2) (something difficult to carry or withstand: the burden of taxation.) die Bürde
2. verb
(to put a responsibility etc on (someone): burdened with cares.) belasten
* * *
bur·den
[ˈbɜ:dən, AM ˈbɜ:r-]
I. n
1. (load) Last f
heavy \burden schwere Last
2. (fig: obligation) Belastung f, Last f, Bürde f geh
\burden of proof [or persuasion] LAW Beweislast f
to discharge a \burden of proof den Beweis antreten
the \burden of proof is on the prosecution die Anklage trägt die Beweisführungspflicht
to be a heavy \burden to bear sehr belastend [o eine schwere Belastung] sein
to place a \burden on sb jdn einer Belastung aussetzen
to be a \burden to sb für jdn eine Belastung sein
3. (form: gist) of views Kern m; of writings Hauptthema nt, Kernthema nt; of a song Refrain m
4.
the white man's \burden die Bürde des weißen Mannes
II. vt
1. (load)
to \burden sb/sth jdn/etw beladen
2. (bother)
to \burden sb jdn belasten
* * *
I ['bɜːdn]
1. n
1) (lit) Last f

it puts too much of a burden on him/the engine — das überlastet ihn/den Motor

beast of burden — Lasttier nt

2) (fig) Belastung f (on, to für)

he has such a burden of responsibility — er hat eine schwere Last an Verantwortung zu tragen

burden of taxation — steuerliche Belastung, Steuerlast f

I don't want to be a burden to you — ich möchte Ihnen nicht zur Last fallen

the burden of proof is on him — er muss den Beweis dafür erbringen or liefern; (Jur) er trägt die Beweislast

3) (NAUT) Tragfähigkeit f, Tragkraft f
2. vt
belasten

to be burdened by guilt/regret — von Schuldgefühlen/Bedauern geplagt sein

II
n
1) (of song) Refrain m, Kehrreim m
2) (of speech, essay etc) Grundgedanke m
* * *
burden1 [ˈbɜːdn; US ˈbɜrdn]
A s
1. Last f, Ladung f:
bear a burden eine (schwere) Last tragen
2. (seelische oder finanzielle) Last, Bürde f, Belastung f, Druck m:
the burden of years die Last der Jahre;
be a burden to (oder on) sb jemandem zur Last fallen;
throw off a burden eine Last abschütteln;
the burden of proof rests with (oder lies on [oder with]) him die Beweislast trifft ihn, er ist beweispflichtig
3. WIRTSCH Gemeinkosten pl
4. TECH
a) (Trag)Last f
b) Druck m
c) Hochofen: Möller m, Gicht f
5. SCHIFF
a) Tragfähigkeit f, Tonnengehalt m:
a ship of 1,000 tons burden ein Schiff von 1000 Tonnen
b) Gewicht n (der Schiffsladung)
B v/t belasten (auch fig):
burden sb with sth jemandem etwas aufbürden
burden2 [ˈbɜːdn; US ˈbɜrdn] s
1. MUS
a) Bass m, tiefe Begleitung
b) academic.ru/8440/bourdon">bourdon c
2. Refrain m, Kehrreim m
3. Hauptidee f, -punkt m, -gedanke m, Kern m
* * *
1. noun
(lit. or fig.) Last, die

beast of burden — Lasttier, das

become a burden — zur Last werden

be a burden to somebody — für jemanden eine Belastung sein; (less serious) jemandem zur Last fallen

2. transitive verb
belasten; (fig.)

burden somebody/oneself with something — jemanden/sich mit etwas belasten

* * *
n.
Bürde -n f.
Kehrreim -e m.
Last -en f. v.
belasten v.

English-german dictionary. 2013.

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